Category: Forward Mergers

Forward Mergers: A plain reading of the federal and Florida broker dealer exemptions for M&A Brokers would allow a non-registered broker to perform services and collect a fee for a reverse or forward merger transactions with a non-shell, alternatively reporting OTC Pink or OTCQX traded company…

Oct252016

Florida Broker-Dealer Registration Exemption For M&A Brokers

ABA Journal’s 10th Annual Blawg 100

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Following the SEC’s lead, effective July 1, 2016, Florida has passed a statutory exemption from the broker-dealer registration requirements for entities effecting securities transactions in connection with the sale of equity control in private operating businesses (“M&A Broker”). As discussed further below, the new Florida statute, together with the SEC M&A Broker exemption, may have paved the way for Florida residents to act as an M&A broker in reverse or forward merger transactions involving OTCQX-traded public companies without broker-dealer registration.

Florida has historically had stringent broker-dealer registration requirements in connection with the offer and sale of securities. Moreover, Florida does not always mirror the federal registration requirements or exemptions. For example, see my blog HERE detailing some state blue sky concerns when dealing with Florida, including the lack of an issuer exemption from the broker-dealer registration requirements for public offerings.

However, in a move helpful to merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions in the

Mar182014

Guide to Reverse Merger Transaction

What is a reverse merger?  What is the process?

A reverse merger is the most common alternative to an initial public offering (IPO) or direct public offering (DPO) for a company seeking to go public.  A “reverse merger” allows a privately held company to go public by acquiring a controlling interest in, and merging with, a public operating or public shell company.  The SEC defines a “shell company” as a publically traded company with (1) no or nominal operations and (2) either no or nominal assets or assets consisting solely of any amount of cash and cash equivalents.

In a reverse merger process, the private operating company shareholders exchange their shares of the private company for either new or existing shares of the public company so that

Oct012009

Reverse Mergers Hinge on Due Diligence and Cleaning Up Public Shells

When a publicly traded company “goes dark” and becomes delinquent in its filing requirements, it generally becomes a public shell and is no longer quoted on the Over the Counter Bulletin Board Exchange (OTCBB). However, with the assistance of an experienced securities attorney, the shell company can be restored so that a merger candidate can be introduced.

Some of the specific details that constitute the clean-up process include:

  • Reinstating the Company’s corporate charter and paying franchise taxes to the Company’s state of domicile, if necessary
  • Working with a PCOAB (Public Company Oversight Accounting Board) auditor to update all necessary financial statements and audits
  • Holding a shareholder meeting for purposes of electing directors and amending articles of incorporation and bylaws as necessary
  • Updating the Company’s articles of incorporation and bylaws to ensure they suit the needs of the successor Company
  • Conducting reverse splits of the Company’s outstanding shares of common stock in order to decrease the size of the outstanding common
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